November in History

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To the right, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag Indians sit down for the first Thanksgiving.

To the right, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag Indians sit down for the first Thanksgiving.

This month was an incredible month in not only American history but also world history. There were many turning points, such as the end of a war or an assassination, that define our lives today. In this section, you will discover some of the most amazing events that happened in the world in the month of November.

1621: In the month of November, 1621, the first big Thanksgiving meal took place. This event occurred when the newly arrived Pilgrims feasted with the Wampanoag Indians.  This was known as the “first Thanksgiving.” However, the holiday didn’t come into effect until 1941 when the President Franklin Delano Roosevelt officially ruled Thanksgiving a holiday.  A typical Thanksgiving meal consists of seasonal dishes, including a roast turkey with stuffing, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.      


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1863: On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States, made his famous Gettysburg Address speech.  According to History.com, “In just 272 words, Lincoln brilliantly and movingly reminded a war-weary public why the Union had to fight, and win, the Civil War.”  This speech, one of the most quoted and important speeches in US history, inspired thousands and hallowed the deaths of the Battle of Gettysburg.

 

 


1914-1918: On November 11, 1918, the First World War came to an end. The war started in mid-August of 1914 with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the royal Prince of Austria. This action drove the European powers toward war. Many battles in this war, including the Battle of Somme and the Battle of Verdun, were some of the most bloodiest battles in human history. The war lasted four long years, ending with a casualty total of thirty-eight million people. With the axis falling, Germany finally signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending the war.

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Americans celebrate the end of the World War I


1963: On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. One of the most unexpected events in American History, the assassination of JFK was mourned for years.  Lee Harvey Oswald, a former US Marine, was arrested for the murder. While being transferred to the county jail, Oswald was shot and killed by Jack Ruby. Even today, fifty plus years later, we still remember the assassination of JFK.

President John F Kennedy minutes before he was shot in Texas.

President John F Kennedy minutes before he was shot in Texas